ADDRESS

4153 Acorn Hill
San Antonio, TX 78217

PHONE

210-654-7117

Anesthesia & Pain Management



Dr. Powell and his team tailor an anesthetic regimen based on the needs of each pet. We are also happy to discuss your pet’s post-operative needs.

Thorough Physical Examination and Consultation with the Veterinarian:
We want you to meet our doctors and allow them to perform a comprehensive physical examination on your pet prior to any anesthetic procedure. This allows them to determine your pet’s health and condition prior to the procedure and discuss any other questions you may have before proceeding with the operation. Should other conditions be noted, this allows us to schedule your pet’s surgical time appropriately (and also modify the estimate in person, if needed). The most common conditions to be diagnosed at this visit are:

Heart murmurs and/or Heartworm infections – need to treat and discuss how these will affect anesthesia.

Hernias and (in the case of male patients) retained testicles – modify our surgical plan

Skin infections over the area of the surgical site – postpone surgery until resolved

Retained deciduous (“baby”) teeth and/or dental infections – these should also be extracted or otherwise addressed while your pet is under anesthesia.

This examination is included with the cost of our annual vaccination visit. We emphasize there is really no such thing as a “routine” surgery. But, for the more “routine” procedures – spays, neuters, or declaws – this consultation is performed at a very reduced cost if vaccinations are not needed. For dental cleanings, mass removals, or other procedures, this will be assessed as a regular examination.

Balanced, multimodal anesthesia: This means that for many cases, we will administer a combination of medications. Why is this significant? By using small dosages of several anesthetic medications, your pet benefits from excellent pain control while minimizing most complications and side effects.

Oxygen & Isoflurane: While under anesthesia at Acorn Hill Animal Hospital, your pet will likely have an endotracheal tube placed. This allows us to provide a constant source of 100% oxygen to your pet. Which also allows us to properly maintain the depth of anesthesia by utilizing isoflurane anesthetic gas. The manometer (pressure gauge) on our brand new anesthesia machine is excellent because it allows us to deliver the proper pressure of gases when we utilize intermittent positive pressure ventilation. The 100% oxygen supply and the anesthesia machine with manometer are improvements that Dr. Clint Powell has brought to the practice.

Advanced monitoring: We closely monitor vital signs during any anesthetic procedure. Acorn Hill Animal Hospital is proud to have the latest equipment to monitor your pet’s vital signs while under anesthesia for any procedure. This includes Pulse Oximetry (oxygen saturation in the blood), EKG, and Non-invasive Blood Pressure (Systolic, Diastolic, & Mean Arterial Pressure). We also provide warming support and close monitoring as needed until every patient is adequately recovered from anesthesia.

All of the above are included with every spay, neuter, dental, or other anesthetic procedure that is performed at Acorn Hill Animal Hospital.

We think you will agree that we offer a very valuable service for you and your pets. Call us today to schedule your visit and ask about our affordable pricing.

Additional options available at Acorn Hill Animal Hospital to enhance the safety and improve your pet’s recovery from anesthesia:

NOTE – These are not included in our base price for routine anesthesia procedures.

Pre-anesthetic blood screening: Many systemic health issues cannot be detected even with a thorough physical examination. We encourage obtaining this sample at a visit prior to the scheduled procedure to ensure a healthy pet before the day of surgery. Our preoperative panel includes a CBC and a mini-chemistry.

The CBC is a Complete Blood Cell count which includes:

• red blood cells – oxygen carrying ability

• white blood cells – infection, inflammation, even bone marrow or other issues

• platelets – aids in blood’s ability to form a proper clot

The mini-chemistry includes 6 different values:

• ALT, ALKP – Liver

• BUN, CREAT – Kidney

• Glucose – Blood sugar

• Total protein

IV Catheter and IV Fluids: An intravenous catheter and fluids provide valuable support to your pet during and after the anesthetic procedure.

First, it provides better hydration to your pet’s body and especially the vital organs (kidneys, liver, pancreas) which also aids in a more rapid recovery from anesthesia.

Second, it gives us the ability to run a high volume of fluids to your pet should it experience a bleeding issue or other hypotensive crisis during the procedure.

Third and most important, it provides our team with instant IV access to administer life-saving medications should the need arise during or after anesthesia. As a note, we leave the IV catheter in place until our patients are adequately recovered from anesthesia.

While we strongly recommend the above mentioned options for all pets undergoing any anesthetic procedure, they are not mandatory for pets under 7 years of age.  Pre-anesthetic blood work, IV catheter and fluids are required for all animals over the age of 7 undergoing any anesthetic procedure for their overall safety and recovery.